White grape variety from Crete
An old indigenous variety, which is also mentioned as "Avidiano", was scattered in old vineyards of Crete. It is a lively and productive variety, resistant to heat waves and late in Dafnes. Vidiano gives us wines with rich, fruity aromas, full body and balanced acidity. The strong points of Vidiano are its volume and durability over time. Two characteristics that make it unique since there are a few varieties in Greece that give such characteristics.
The history of the grape variety
One version, perhaps the most reliable for its origins, is that it comes from the Prefecture of Heraklion. The "Vidis", an old family of Venetian patricians, are mentioned in documents of 1249 as inhabitants of Chandakas (Heraklion) and owned manors in the area of Vathipetro, in the prefecture of Lassithi. The current Vidiani Monastery located on the northwest side of the Lassithi plateau is built on the "metochio di Vidi" or "Vidiano", the old property of this family.
A second version is that Vidiano originates from the prefecture of Rethymno.
By the end of the 20th century, the variety had really been forgotten.
There were scattered vines in the old vineyards, among other varieties, throughout the prefecture of Heraklion. It was also cultivated in the region of Lassithi where is located the Holy Monastery of Panagia Vidiani, northwest of the Lassithi Plateau.
Thanks to the intense interest of the winemakers of Crete, material was searched and found there and thus the variety was revived and developed. The old vines of Vidiano were, as a rule in all varieties, self-rooted. After the advent of phylloxera, the cultivation of the variety with self-rooted vines was limited and since then, the use of grafted American roots is mandatory.
For decades, Vidiano plants were scattered among other varieties. But it had given its mark and many knew that this variety has a very good potential.
VIDIANO GRAPE VARIETY
The presence of calcium carbonate neutralizes the acidity of the soil, with the pH ranging from 7 to 8.5, which is ideal for the absorption of most trace elements by the plant.
Calcium carbonate also improves soil structure, ensuring good drainage and good temperature. These soil characteristics contribute to the good phenolic and technological ripening of the grapes and therefore to the production of wines, with rich structure and volume, intensity in colour and balanced acidity.
The relief of the wider area is formed by about 3 main hills, almost parallel to each other, extending from the northern part of the prefecture to the south at an altitude of 300-500m.
The vineyards of Dafnes are planted on the slopes of these hills, with main orientation east or west.
The elongated valleys that are formed between the hill ranges channel, like natural canals, the cool air from the Cretan Sea to the center of the prefecture, maintaining the temperature at very good levels in summer. Rainfall is rare during the summer, so plants and grapes remain healthy.
The cultivation of vines in the area for many centuries since the time of Venetian rule is due to this unique microclimate described above.
Lately, we apply long Guyot pruning, which corrects this imbalance, resulting in controlled production in both quality and quantity.
The weight of the grape is medium to large and the weight of the berry is small. The content of grape sugar is high, while the acid content is moderate to high.
The great advantage of Vidiano in Dafnes is that it fully matures in sugars and aromatic elements, while at the same time it presents a great concentration.
THE VINE DESCRIPTION
OF THE VIDIANO VARIETY
Leaf blade: medium. On the lower surface of the leaf blade, between the nerves, the creeping hairs are dense, while there are no upright hairs. On the upper surface of the leaf blade, on the main nerves there are creeping hairs, while there are no upright hairs.
Petiolar sinus and lateral sinuses: pentagonal shape, closed with slightly overlapping lobes and U-shaped base.
Nerves: No abnormalities. On the main nerves there are sparse creeping hairs, as well as sparse upright hairs.
Petiole: The petiole of the leaf has no creeping nor upright hairs, its length is short, while it is shorter than the main nerve (N1) of the leaf.
OF VIDIANO VARIETY
• Vegetation: March 10-20
• Full vegetation: the second 10 days of April
• Flowering beginning - full flowering: May 15-20
• Maturation beginning: the third 10 days of August – the first 10 days of September
TECHNOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MUST
OF A FULLY MATURED VIDIANO
• Total acidity: 6,0 - 7,0 g/L
• Active Acidity pH: 3,2 - 3,4
For a great Vidiano the secret is good maturation!
GREEK LEGISLATION FOR VIDIANO VARIETY
It also belongs to the permissible vinifiable vine varieties in the regions of North Aegean, Thrace, Macedonia and Peloponnese.
The characteristics of Vidiano wine
A fresh Vidiano starts from a very light golden colour that over the time evolves into the colour of gold.
The complex aromatic bouquet combines unique, white citrus flowers with ripe apricots and peaches, while hints of aromatic herbs such as chamomile and linden tea can be seen in the background, to end up with a seductive minerality when aged.
The mouth is dominated by the same aromas of stone fruits, while the crunchy acidity of youth is balanced by the full body. The aftertaste is long and fruity. Its evolution over the time is fascinating, as the fresh fruity aromas evolve into butter, notes of wax, dense apricot, melon, flintstone, which are all characteristics of the variety.
Its ability to evolve aromatically over time, the intense acidity in combination with the full body, give it the chance to age for at least 5 years when it has been vinified in a tank, while if we give it the power of tannins, by barrel vinification, it can age for even a decade.
Its versatility, complexity, the character and finesse have rightly made it the finest white variety of the Cretan vineyard and one of the most important Greek white varieties.
DOULOUFAKIS WINES FROM VIDIANO VARIETY
- 100 % Vidiano
- Dry wine
- Tank vinification
Aspros Lagos White
- 100 % Vidiano
- Dry wine
- Barrel fermentation
- 100 % Vidiano
- Sparkling wine
- Champenoise Method
- 100 % Vidiano
- Natural wine
- Clay amphora vinification
SERVING VIDIANOAs in all white wines, Vidiano is served cool. The best temperature range is 9-12⁰C.
PAIRING VIDIANO WITH FOODThe food suggestions are correct only if we take into consideration the special character of each wine.
AWARDED VIDIANO WINESWine reviews by experienced wine critics